Scout Honor Societies

CMO Patch

CMO Patch - Worn on Sash

CMO Pledge Beanie

Pledge Beanie

Clan of the Mystic Oak (CMO) - The Clan of the Mystic Oak (CMO) was an honor camper organization that existed prior to the formation of Amangamek Wipit Lodge 470. Its purpose was threefold: To further Scouting, advance the interests of Camp Roosevelt, and to promote fellowship among its members. These goals were identical with Dr. Goodman's goals in creating the Order of the Arrow at Treasure Island Scout Camp: To recognize the best Scout campers and continue the traditions and ideals of camp from season to season.

The CMO was founded at Camp Roosevelt (NCAC summer camp) on the Chesapeake Bay, about 1921.

The scout council at that time was named the Washington D.C. Council, BSA. This was the name it was given on June 21, 1911, when the organizational meeting of the Council was held in the Willard Hotel. In 1919 the Washington D.C. Council acquired Camp Roosevelt. The camp was previously named Camp Archibald Butt and was shared by both Washington and Baltimore Councils as their summer camp in 1914 and 1915. The camp was not used between 1916 and 1918 because of World War I.

Much like the Order of the Arrow, the CMO had three honors -- First, Second, and Third Degree. However, an all-adult governing body called the Council of Sachems that ran the organization.

To be eligible for initiation as a First Degree Member, a Scout had to:

  • Be a First Class Scout
  • Be at least a second year camper. Attendance at any Council camp was recognized but at least two weeks had to be spent at Camp Roosevelt. Camp in those days lasted two weeks for each session.
  • Perform satisfactory service in at least four of the camp program areas. These had to be approved by the program heads.
  • Perform a special service project for Camp Roosevelt.
  • Have passed a Board of Review for two Eagle-required merit badges, four non-required.
  • Be recommended by a majority of the CMO members in his Provisional Camp Unit or the CMO members of the camp staff.

Camp Roosevelt operated with Provisional Camp Units, which were slightly larger than a Troop. Troops seldom came together as a unit at summer camp. Each Provisional Unit was called a Ranch and the Ranches were named after Teddy Roosevelt-related places: Chimney Butte, San Juan, Elk Horn, Powder River, Buckskin, Big Horn, etc.

The election of the First-Degree candidates was made on the first Wednesday of each two-week session.

The initiation ceremony started the following Saturday morning when all candidates were called out at breakfast. The candidates were taken up behind the camp recreation hall. Each candidate had a holly leaf placed in his mouth to remind him to keep silent: He then received a lecture from one of the Sachems (adults). The lecture included an admonition to keep strict silence for 24 hours (until the Sunday breakfast ceremony). The candidate was then given a large Chestnut Gale leaf to wear that day; the holly leaf was taken away. The candidate took part in all daily camp activities but maintained silence. He ate a normal lunch but had no more food until Sunday breakfast. At supper, he had to sit at his table but could not eat or speak.

After supper, guides called "Scokamules" led the candidates, with their bedrolls, to a holding area on the trail to the CMO ceremonial grounds. Small groups were taken to the ceremonial grounds and put through a ceremony, which included Spirits of Earth, Woods, Fire, and Air. Each had an appropriate costume and a lesson to teach.

After the ceremonies, the candidates were grouped around a fire and instructed to keep it burning all night. In the morning each candidate was tempted with fresh fruit. Then from a limb of a large hollow tree, the head Sachem administered the final oath. The candidates were then recognized at breakfast and were given the symbols of their membership.

To be eligible for initiation as a Second Degree Member, a Scout had to:

  • Be at least a third year camper with at least four weeks of service at Camp Roosevelt.
  • Have to do or participate in a project of advanced service for Camp Roosevelt. The project had to be approved by three Third Degree Members or Sachems.
  • Have to be elected by a majority of the Second Degree Members present at the election.

Second Degree, elections were held whenever needed.

The initiation into the Second Degree included the candidate establishing his own camp and living in it for a day in silence and having nothing but water. It was a day of reflection. There was a ceremony at night. After the ceremony, each candidate was assigned a place to sleep in the woods and was left alone. The next morning he had to find his way back. They were recognized at breakfast and given the symbols of their membership.

Third Degree membership was honorary and elective. Second Degree members whose record in their troops, their camp units and elsewhere was of "outstanding excellence," would become eligible for nomination by the Council of Sachems and election by the CMO. During a camp session or at the first meeting after camp, any CMO member could submit a list of the names he proposed for this honor to any member of the Council of Sachems. The Council of Sachems would select ten names from all of the submissions at the second meeting following camp. From this list of ten, the CMO members voted and were allowed to select five members (adults and boys) per year to receive the Third Degree.

The Council of Sachems elected to itself, at any regular meeting after camp, suitable adult members who had shown conspicuous interest in the CMO and in Camp Roosevelt.

The Council of Sachems:

  • Supervised all initiation ceremonies, rituals, and qualification tests.
  • Were the sole authority for determining and administering discipline, including expelling members.
  • Cooperated with youth CMO officers to the fullest extent possible while still insuring that the purpose and traditions of the CMO were followed.
  • Controlled all finances.
  • Selected the ten candidates for the Third Degree each fall.
  • Proposed for election each fall, the officers of the CMO.

Each September the Council of Sachems elected the President, Vice-President, Secretary, and Treasurer.

The CMO permitted Adult Honorary Memberships. The CMO or the Council of Sachems elected these at any regular meeting. The recognition was for outstanding service to the CMO or to Camp Roosevelt.

Third Degree members and the officers of the CMO were allowed to attend all regular meetings of the Council of Sachems but they were not allowed to vote.

The youth officers of the CMO were a President, Vice President, and Secretary. They all had to be Second or Third Degree members who were not yet 21 at the time of their election. Any member of the CMO could recommend a candidate for office. The Council of Sachems then selected six names as nominees which they presented at the second meeting following camp. The CMO members then selected the three officers from the list of six.

During World War II, the CMO became less active since so many of the Sachems and Third Degrees were off in the military service. Following the war, the CMO ceased to operate and the only thing that was left was a few Sachems. Without new boy members being inducted, the organization had no way to sustain itself.

On September 24, 1952, five of the remaining 19 active members of the Council of Sachems met at the Council (BSA) Headquarters. In attendance were Thomas King--President, Roy Swab--Secretary, John Cole--Treasurer, Ralph Bartley, Richard Ellinger, and a professional scouter--Andrew J. Murphy. (Mr. Murphy became the first Staff Adviser of Amangamek-Wipit Lodge and served in his Job through 1956.) At the meeting, Richard P. Ellinger was elected as the last member to be added to the Council of Sachems.

The purpose of the meeting was to adopt a resolution to dissolve the Clan of the Mystic Oak and clear the way for the formation of a new lodge of the Order of the Arrow in National Capital Area Council, BSA. The existing CMO records were en-trusted to Roy Swab for posterity. The remaining CMO funds of $107.45 were given to the Council to purchase a memorial in the name of the CMO to Dr. Walter H. Merrill, the Camp Roosevelt doctor, and whatever was left over was to be used for the betterment of Camp Roosevelt. The resolution which was unanimously approved and signed by Thomas A. King--President, Daniel J. Tyrrell--Vice President, Roy C. Swab--Secretary, and John S. Cole--Treasurer, pledged cooperation in the future of the new Lodge of the Order of the Arrow and permitted the new Lodge, if it so desired, to use the name "Clan of the Mystic Oak."

Emblems of the Clan of the Mystic Oak

The badge of the CMO was a Chestnut Oak Leaf with the letters CMO superimposed. Third Degree members could wear a badge made with a silver pin with green letters. All other members could wear a badge made with a gold pin with green letters. Each member could also wear a green felt patch on the right pocket of the Scout shirt. It was in the shape of an Oak Leaf. The color of the letters "CMO" on the patch denoted the CMO rank. Each member could also wear a beanie skullcap. The same was true of the letters "CMO" on the cap denoted the CMO rank.


Green Felt Chestnut Oak Leaf patch with felt letters CMO was 5 1/2 inches long and 2 ¾ inches wide and it was worn diagonally on the right pocket with the top of the leaf pointing over the right shoulder.

  • Red "CMO" Letters for First Degree,
  • White "CMO" Letters for Second Degree
  • Blue "CMO" letters for Third Degree
  • Gold "CMO" letters for Sachems.


Beanie with Six Alternating Panels of Green and Gold with felt CMO sewed to one of the green panels.

  • Red "CMO" Letters for First Degree,
  • White "CMO" Letters for Second Degree
  • Blue "CMO" letters for Third Degree
  • Gold "CMO" letters for Sachems.

Information was provided by Ken Finch. Scans provided by Jeff Feldman
Information originally authored by Thomas E. Reddin


Based on information from Apatukwe OA lodge 107 history, the CMO also existed in the Salem-Gloucester Council from 1928-1949 until it was replaced by the Unilachtego OA Lodge 411. Their camp was also called Camp Roosevelt which has led to a bit of confusion as to where CMO existed. I have verified with Bob Sherman that Salem-Gloucester Council did have a Camp Roosevelt. Candidates at this location were called out on friday nights and spent the night camping under the stars. The program worked well and was dissolved grudgingly. It appears that the beanie that is pictured with this page is from this location as the colors are different from what is mentioned as having existed at the Washington Council location. -Dave Eby

Material found on this page is the work of David L. Eby and used by the USSSP, Inc. by permission. This material may not be reproduced without the express permission of David L. Eby

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