This Merit Badge
(or Emergency Preparedness MB)
is Required to earn the Eagle Scout Rank
These were the REQUIREMENTS from January 1, 1998 until
REVISIONS were made on January 1, 2001.
To see the changes which were made in 1998,
To see the current requirements
- Before doing requirements 2-15
- Earn Swimming merit badge.
- Swim 400 yards.
- The Safe Swim Defense and Safety Afloat
- The order of methods in water rescue.
- Show reaching rescues using such things as arms, legs, branches,
sticks, towels, shirts, paddles, and poles.
- Show rescues using items that can be thrown, such as lines,
ring buoys, and free-floating supports.
- Show or explain the use of rowboats, canoes, and other small
craft in making rescues.
- With a helper and a subject, and a practice victim, show a line
rescue both as tender and as rescuer. Perform the rescue with the
practice victim approximately thirty feet from the tender. Use a
100 foot length of 3/16 inch line. If available, demonstrate the
use of a torpedo buoy and rescue tube.
- Show that you can remove street clothes* on shore (except
underwear or swim trunks) in 20 seconds or less. Explain the importance
of disrobing before a swimming rescue.
- Explain the importance of avoiding contact with a victim; explain
"lead" and "wait" tactics; and explain why equipment should be used
in a swimming rescue.
- Swim 30 feet and make the correct approach to a tired swimmer.
Move him 30 Feet to safety using the following:
- Underarm swim-along.
- two-person assist.
- Make rescues on a practice victim 30 feet from shore, using
the correct entry and a strong approach stroke, and bringing the
victim back to pier or poolside, using;
- A rescue tube or torpedo buoy
- A shirt, towel, or other equipment
- A front approach and wrist tow.
- A rear approach and single armpit tow.
- A rear approach and single armpit tow, changing to the cross-chest
Discuss the different methods for removing the victim from the
water. Choose the appropriate method for your situation. Remove
the practice victim from the water and place in position for resuscitation.
- Show in deep water your defense against grasps by blocking and
escaping. Free yourself from a wrist hold, rear head-hold, and a
- Make four surface dives in 8 to 10 feet of water. Retrieve an
object on each of the first three dives. Bring up a 10-pound weight
on the fourth dive.
- Show search techniques as a part of a lost swimmer drill. Discuss
search techniques using mask, fins, and a snorkel (not scuba).
- Do the following:
- Explain how to recognize and confirm cardiac arrest.
- Demonstrate proper technique for performing CPR using a
training device approved by your counselor.
- Demonstrate proper management of a spinal injury by
- Explaining the signs and symptoms of a spinal injury
- Supporting a face up victim in calm, shallow water.
- Turning a person from a facedown to a face up position while
* "Street clothes" means low shoes, socks, underwear (or trunks),
pants, belt, and a long-sleeve shirt. A jacket or sweater or sweatshirt
also may be worn.
BSA Advancement ID#: 9
Pamphlet Revision Date: 2000
Requirements last revised in 2001