These were the REQUIREMENTS
before the REVISIONS made on January 1, 2001.
There were two unannounced changes made in 1999.
A minor change was made to Requirement 5 (shown in bold underline
in Requirement 6, the options were rearranged as shown below, (but
not modified) .
To see the current requirements
- Name four breeds of livestock in each of the following classifications:
horses, dairy cattle, beef cattle, sheep, hogs. Tell their principal
uses and merits. Tell where the breeds originated.
- List the principal diseases in your area that afflict the
animals in each classification. Describe the symptoms and explain
the proper treatment for the diseases you list.
- Explain the major differences in digestive systems of ruminant
and nonruminant animals.
- Tell how you would properly manage a cow, sheep, horse,
or hog, including adequate feeding. Tell what must be done to
prevent illness, blemishes, defects, and disease arising from
improper and unsanitary conditions.
- Tell about three career opportunities in livestock production
or animal science.
- Complete ONE of the following options:
BEEF CATTLE OPTION
- Visit a farm or ranch where beef cattle are produced
under any of these systems:
- feeding market cattle for slaughter;
- producing feeder cattle for sale to commercial cattle
- producing purebred cattle for sale as breeding stock
to other breeders.
Talk with the operator. Tell how the cattle were handled,
fed, weighed, and shipped.
- Sketch a plan of a feedlot, hay and grain storage facilities,
and loading chute for 30 or more fattening steers, or a
corral plan with cutting and loading chutes for handling
50 or more beef cows and their calves at one time.
- Submit a sketch showing the principal wholesale and
retail cuts of beef. Tell about the USDA dual grading system
of beef. Tell about the grades in each system.
- Tell how a cow or goat converts forage and grain into
- Make a chart showing the ingredients in cows' milk or
goat's milk. Chart the amount of each.
- Tell the difference between certified and pasteurized
milk. Tell how milk is pasteurized.
- Tell about the kinds of equipment and health standards
for dairy farms.
- Visit a dairy farm or milk processing plant. Tell about
- Make a sketch of a useful saddle horse barn and exercise
- Tell the history of the horse and the benefits it has
brought to man.
- Tell about the following terms:
- Visit a horse farm. Describe your visit.
- Make a sketch of a live lamb. Show the location of the
various wholesale and retail cuts.
- Make an exhibit and explain four blood grades (American)
of wool. Tell how wool is processed from shearing to the
- Visit a farm or ranch where sheep are raised. Tell about
your visit, including the feeding program used.
- Describe some differences between the production of
native and range lambs.
- Visit a farm where hog production is a major project,
or visit a packing plant or stockyard handling hogs. Describe
- Outline in writing the proper feeding from the breeding
or gilt or sow through the weaning of the litter. Discuss
the growth and finishing periods.
- Make a sketch showing the principal wholesale and retail
cuts of pork. Tell about the recommended USDA grades of
pork. Tell the basis for each grade.
- Keep management records on a brood of 20 chicks (sexed
or straight run) for five months. Record feed consumption,
medication, mortality, and vaccination. Present the records
- Do ONE of the following:
- Manage an egg-production flock for five months.
Keep records of feed purchased, eggs sold, and mortality.
Present records for review. Tell about the grading of
- Raise 20 chicks, poults, or ducklings. Keep records
of feed intake and weight gains. Present records for
review. Kill and dress two birds. Tell about the grades
BSA Advancement ID#: 18
Pamphlet Revision Date: 2000
Requirements last updated in 2001