Most boys stall when it comes time to get wet
in a bathtub. However, at the slightest hint of
swimming or boating, be prepared to move to safety-out of the line of the
stampede. The aquanaut badge will help Webelos Scouts learn to feel at home in
the water while developing respect for the dangers that water holds.
Swimming is one of
the best sports that a boy can be involved in. It is one of the few sports in
which every muscle in the body is exercised. As Webelos leaders we have the
responsibility to develop self-confidence in every boy in our Den. Through
learning to swim, each boy will gain a sense of achievement, as well as gaining
a skill that may save his life some day.
The Aquanaut requirements are simple. They
represent the most important of all Webelos requirements because life depends on
them. Swimming is one of the skills that once learned, lasts a lifetime and
provides excellent exercise. Some of your boys may know how to swim and others
will need help in learning how. Read the pages on this activity in the Webelos Scout Book, then get your boys into the water as often as
To help your boys feel at home in the water,
get them to play some water games. If they have any fear of water, obtain the
advice of a swimming instructor. The familiarity with water will normally lead
to greater proficiency in water sports which is the aim of the requirements for
The Aquanaut badge is designed for Webelos
Scouts that are good swimmers. Any Webelos Scout that is not a good swimmer
deserves special attention by someone who can teach beginners. Before attempting
to do any games for this badge, it is important that all boys be aware of the
safety rules regarding swimming and boating. They should swim in a
well-supervised area with permission from their parents.
One of the main points of this badge is to
teach safety rules. These rules will be found at every Scout waterfront. The
rules may not particularly impress a Webelos Scout this year at the pool where
he swims daily, but next year at summer camp, their value will become apparent
To use swimming pools in the cooler,
off-season months, check with local YMCAs, YWCAs, and community schools.
Aquanaut Den Activities
Even though Aquanaut
implies wet, there are a number of Den activities that can be done in a home or
yard, and several requirements that can be accomplished "dry." Of course most of
Aquanaut will have to be done in a pool or lake setting, so you should plan on
doing it during the summer months, possibly combining it with a Webelos family
campout, or a pool party.
·Basic water rescue methods
REACH and THROW can be demonstrated in your own yard. Teach the boys all of the
basic water rescue methods demonstrating REACH and THROW in your yard and ROW
and GO later at a lake or pool.
·Have an experienced boater, or
member of the Red Cross explain the rules of small boat safely at an indoor Den
meeting or show a film.
·At the pool do the ROW and GO
portions of basic water rescue? Best bet for the ROW is an inflatable raft. All
underwater requirements are best left to the pool, because of underwater
visibility and readily defined boundaries. If it is permissible, water
volleyball is a very good game to play in a pool. Ball tag, on the other hand,
should be avoided by Scouts because of the temptation to run and slip, as well
as retrieving over the fence balls.
·At a lake do ROW and GO
portions of basic water rescue. You can use a beat here for ROW, and can more
readily demonstrate row• at handling using a real rowboat and dock. You will
have to set up a safe swimming area in a lake, using the safe swim defense. Boys
should be rated in ability and given buddies of equal ability if possible.
·Make a simple buddy board and
have buddy tags for all the boys and insist that they be used each time they go
swimming. Each boy is responsible for his buddy.
·Have someone, perhaps a Den
Chief who knows how; demonstrate the use of mask, fins, and snorkel. Have boys
take turns using the equipment or have them use their own. Start off with the
tins and show them the difference in speed with and without them. Have them
practice seeing into water with masks and learning to breathe. Next, the boys
try the snorkel in shallow water before venturing out into deep water. The
instructor should know how to clear the snorkel and mask of water in case it
gets inside while underwater.
Demonstrate basic water rescue methods with props, demonstrate small boat safety
with inflatable raft, rescue breathing on a practice dummy.
Life Preserver Throws
(use in the yard): Throw a weight
attached to a rope. Points are awarded for both distance and accuracy
Rowboat Relay (pool only): Row or paddle across a pool,
using an inflatable raft. The only rule is that the boy must be "on" the raft to
(pool only): Stretch a rope across
the pool and play volleyball. Use a large beach ball, which slows the game down,
allowing players more time to reach the ball.
Rowboat Slalom (lake only): Lay out a slalom course in
knee to waist deep water, using homemade floats. The race can be run as a relay,
or best time for each boy.
Bobbing for Apples
(Pool): Surely you've tried this
at Halloween, but it's much more fun in the pool. The only difference is that
the boy must grab onto the apple from underneath the water.
Horse and Rider
(pool): Pair the boys off. Have
the larger boys be the horses and the smaller boys be the riders. While in the
pool, the boys that are the riders try to push and pull the others off the backs
of their "horses." This can be played in teams.
üScuba demonstrations can be
arranged at a local dive shops and outfitters.
üAttend a show featuring a
Rescue and Recovery Unit.
Cub Scout Sports
Swimming For requirement 7, the Webelos Scout must earn the Swimming belt loop
while he is a Webelos. If a boy has earned the belt loop earlier as a
Wolf or Bear, he must earn it again as a Webelos to meet this requirement.
Basic Water Rescue Methods
Simple rescue procedures
an adult can carry out or a boy can use to save a person in trouble when no one
else is around. The order of methods to choose is:
Reach - Throw - Row -
1.REACH with whatever is
available or at hand. Stay onshore and reach out with a branch, a stick, or a
pole. Then pull the victim to shore.
2.THROW a line, a buoy. a
floating object to provide support. Takeoff your shirt, kneel down, hold one
sleeve and throw out the other sleeve. Or take off your pants and tie one leg to
a sleeve if you need a longer"line."
3.ROW when the victim is
further out, use a boat to save him. In a rowboat, approach the victim with the
stern of the boat. In a canoe, pull up so that he can grasp the side. (Kneel in
4.GO if the first 3 steps
can't be used as a last resort swim to the victim. Keeping your eyes on the
victim, kick off your shoes and disrobe. Jump; do not dive, into the water.
Carry your shirt or towel in your teeth. Keep your eyes on the victim. Swim out
near enough to extend your towel or shirt to him and tow him in by it. If you
have nothing to extend to him. approach him from behind and tow him to safety by
5.Don't allow the victim to
latch onto you. Don't attempt a rescue beyond your swimming ability.
Let's make every Webelos
Scout a swimmer!
HOME POOL DROWNINGS
1.FORMULATE AN EMERGENCY PLAN - Base the plan on your home surrounding
and then practice various emergency situations.
2.PROVIDE ADEQUATE FENCING WITH A LATCHING GATE AROUND THE POOL AREA -
Fence should be at least 5 feet. high with vertical or solid segments close
enough so that children cannot climb over it.
3.THE GATE SHOULD BE SECURELY LOCKED WHEN POOL IS NOT IN USE!
4.AN ALARM SYSTEM IN THE POOL SHOULD BE CONSIDERED - Alarm sounds when
someone falls in—remember to check the batteries on a regular basis.
5.TAKE A COURSE IN CPR AND WORK ON IMPROVING YOUR AQUATIC SKILLS
6.RESCUE EQUIPMENT SHOULD BE VISIBLY DISPLAYED ON THE POOL DECK - Keep
basic equipment in good condition
7.POST EMERGENCY INSTRUCTIONS AND PHONE NUMBERS NEAR THE TELEPHONE - Be
prepared when calling 911: Who? When? Where? How? Have victim’s medical records
handy if possible Know your family physician’s name and phone number Post
parent’s work addresses and phone numbers
8.APPOINT AN EMERGENCY COVER-DOWN PERSON TO CARE FOR OTHER CHILDREN
(two deep leadership)
9.REVIEW YOUR LIABILITY INSURANCE
Baltimore Area Council
The Geologist activity
badge is a fun and exciting time for the boys as they explore the outdoors for
that perfect rock sample, explore what happens when you crush rocks or create a
miniature volcano. The hands-on activities will encourage the boys to become
budding rock hounds and explorers.
Make a Volcano
small (one liter) plastic soda bottle, baking pan, dirt, one tablespoon baking
soda, one cup of vinegar and red food coloring.
Place the soda bottle in
the pan and shape dirt around the bottle to form the volcano, taking care not to
get dirt near the bottle's opening.
Pour the tablespoon of
baking soda into the bottle. Color the vinegar with the food coloring, pour into
the bottle and watch what happens!
Baking soda reacting
with the vinegar produces carbon dioxide gas. The gas builds up pressure and
forces the liquid out of the top of the bottle, much like hot gases force the
lava from a volcano.
Materials: A funnel,
a large coffee can as tall as the funnel, and some plastic tubing about one yard
Fill the can with water and set the funnel
spout side up inside the can.
Place the end of the tubing under the rim of
the funnel. Gently blow into the other end of the tubing. The air being blown
into the funnel forces air bubbles up the stem of the funnel. As the air moves
upward. it pushes water out the top.
Geysers are funnel-shaped cracks under the
earth's surface. When water in the lower cracks is heated to boiling, bubbles of
steam rise to the surface. The geyser erupts when the rising steam bubbles force
out the water trapped in the top.
Make an Earthquake
Put mud into a
disposable cake pan. Let it dry.
Now flex the pan at
The cracked, shifted, jagged and broken
pieces are an example of plate tectonics or the premise behind the formation of
To demonstrate the strength of an earthquake,
fold a full sheet of newspaper seven or eight times. Now try to tear the
newspaper apart. It doesn't take much effort to tear one sheet (or one layer of
earth), but it takes a tremendous force to tear several layers.
Make Your Own Fossils
The shells and bones of many prehistoric
animals have been preserved as casts and molds. To make your own fossil, you
will need a small cardboard box, some clay, plaster and a small clam or other
First cover the bottom of the cardboard box
with the modeling clay to the depth of one inch. The clay represents the soft
mud found on the ancient sea floor.
Now press the shell firmly into the clay.
Lift the shell out carefully so that a clear imprint remains. You now have
produced the mold. Next, mix a small amount of plaster with water in a paper
cup. Stir it with a wooden stick or spoon. When the plaster is the consistency
of thick cream, till the mold. After the plaster has thoroughly hardened,
carefully remove it from the mold. You now have a cast of the original shell.
Compare the original shell with the plaster
cast. Notice that even some of the most delicate markings on the shell have been
preserved in the plaster.
This same technique is used in reconstructing
the shells of long-dead animals. In addition, casts are especially useful in
working with fossil footprints. When a track is filed with plaster, the
resulting cast will clearly show the size and shape of the foot of the animal
making the track.
True or False'?
1.The principal ore in the
metal Silicon is Quartz.
Geologists use a 1-10
system called Mohs' scale to estimate rock hardness It works like this: A
mineral will scratch anything that is as hard as or softer than itself. The
chart below combines Mohs' scale with some around-the-house items that are about
equal to the mineral hardness scale. You might want to collect these items for a
These household items can be used to
test for hardness
Soft Lead Pencil
King of the Ore
Baltimore Area Council
The boys stand in a circle. The game begins
with the first boy naming something in the house that is made of an ore or metal
and its use. If he is correct, he becomes King and can stand
in the center of the circle. The next boy in the circle then tries to name
something in the house made of ore or metal and its use. If
he is correct, he can then stand in the center. If
he is incorrect, play moves to the next boy in the circle. Play continues until
everyone has had a chance to play.
Read the definitions, then label the diagram.
ash cloud -
the cloud of ash that forms in the air after some volcanic eruptions
a passage through which magma (molten rock) flows in a volcano
the Earth's outermost, rocky layer
molten rock; usually comes out of erupting volcanoes
chamber - contains magma (molten rock) deep within the Earth's
side vent -
a vent in the side of a volcano
vent - an opening in the Earth's surface through which volcanic
LET’S GO ROCK COLLECTING
Clothes, type of clothes you would wear hiking or
Collecting bag, a knapsack with pockets is ideal.
Lunch size paper bags can be used to put individual specimens in. Also take
newspaper to wrap rocks in first.
Field Notebooks and labels, Give each specimen a
number and label it before you wrap it. In a small pocket notebook record: Name/
Location/ Date/ collector
Big and little hammers, An 8 x 10 pound sledgehammer
and a 1 ½ to 2-pound hammer.
Chisels, One or more steel chisels (Wood chisels
chip and dull too quickly)
Goggles and face shields, To protect face and eyes
while hammering at rocks
Magnifiers, Hand lens or pocket magnifier
First Aid Kit
üAsk for permission before going on private property
üDon’t meddle with tools, machinery or domestic animals
üLeave gates as you found them
üStay on roads, don’t walk or drive over growing crops
üTake only what you will use for yourself or trading, leave
something for others after you.
üBe courteous and considerate of the rights of others
üListen to the leader.
Found a Geode
A Song for your Webelos Geologists
Baltimore Area Council
Found a geode. found a
Found a geode last
Last night I found a
Found a geode last night.
Here is a suggested
series of verses to follow that one -
It was hollow (etc)
Broke it anyway (etc)
Full of crystals (etc)
Called a geologist (etc)
He examined it (etc)
Sold the geode (etc)
Went exploring (etc)
Started digging (etc)
Found a geode (etc)
and (etc., etc.)
Materials found in Baloo's Bugle may be used by Scouters for Scouting activities provided that Baloo's Bugle and the original contributors are cited as the source of the material.
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