September 2008 Cub Scout Roundtable Issue
October 2008 Theme
Adventures in Books
Citizen and Showman
THEME RELATED STUFF
Parts Of A Book Quiz
Have the boys use the following words to guess the answers
to the questions below:
Call Number Spine
I hold the book together. I also tell you the book's title,
author, publisher and call number. Who am I?
I am the person who wrote the book. Who am I?
I am the first page of the book. I tell you the name of the
book, the author and the illustrator. I also tell you who published the book.
Who am I? [Title Page]
I am the name of the book. Who am I? [Title]
I am the person who drew the pictures for the book. Who am I?
I am the company that makes the book. Who am I?
I protect the pages in the book. I also tell you the title of
the book. Who am I? [Cover]
I tell you where you will find the book in the library. Who am
I? [Call Number]
Fun Facts about Cinderella
Alice, Golden Empire Council
Cinderella, the tale with the
beautiful, kind and over-worked girl who had three evil stepsisters, was written
by Charles Perrault. He was a Frenchman who collected folk tales in the late
The Chinese have their own
version of Cinderella – the girl is called Yeh-hsien. That story dates from 850
The Greeks also had a version,
recorded by a Roman historian in the first century BC. Cinderella was a Greek
slave girl called Rhodopis, meaning “rosy-cheeked.”
Have your Cub Scouts ask the
Children’s Librarian about other folk tales that have been told in various
countries and cultures. Not a folk tale but the story of the Great Flood and
Noah's Ark appear in almost all cultures around the world.
A Timeline of Book Facts:
Alice, Golden Empire Council
Prehistoric – pictures
were carved on the walls of caves, on rock and bone. Eventually, people also
used waxed boards, animal skins and clay tablets, which were more portable.
4000 BC – ancient
Egyptians invited the first paper-like material made from papyrus plants
that grew along the Nile. They wove the reeds into sheets and then pounded them
into thin sheets. The word “paper” came from this plant.
105 AD – Arab traders
in Asia set up paper mills in Baghdad, Damascus and Cairo, using rags that were
ground into a lumpy pulp, then made into thin sheets coated with starch paste.
800-900 – The Vikings
made a metal tool for use in “writing” on wax tablets. They even made
“erasers” by making a rounded end on the stylus!
1000 – The Chinese were
already using blocks of pear or jujube wood to carve out a whole page of text at
a time that was then printed onto paper. Folded pages are sewn together in
Europe by women using a “kettle” stitch to reinforce the binding.
1200 – Italy became a
major paper producer, and developed water powered mills. They used flax and
cotton fibers from old clothes. Only royalty, scholars and monks could read,
and books were handwritten, mostly by Monks, so they were expensive and scarce.
1400 – Scribes could
buy rolls or sheets of parchment to write on from shops. Parchment was
made from animal skin soaked in a lime solution for up to 10 days, then scraped
and soaked again. It was then stretched on a wooden frame, scraped with a
curved knife, allowed to dry, then scraped a final time to make it as smooth as
1453 – Johann Gutenberg
invented moveable type, which allowed books to be printed much more
quickly and cheaply. The demand for books and paper increased as the average
person began to learn to read and have access to books.
1600 – Illustrations
for books were carved into wood to create blocks, from which the pictures could
be printed – they were known as woodcuts.
1620 – Children in the
Pilgrim colonies used a “hornbook” to learn their alphabet and school
1719 – A French
scientist, Rene de Reaumur saw wasps using tiny slivers of wood to make their
papery nests, which led to using wood to make useable paper.
1770-1790 – American
soldiers during the Revolutionary War had to tear up old books to use for
wadding for their guns, since there was not enough paper to meet demand. Paper
was still produced by hand using screens pulled up through pulp.
1798 – Frenchman Louis
Robert, a clerk at a paper mill, invented a machine that was hand cranked and
produced paper on a continuous screen. Two Englishmen, the Fourdrinier
brothers, improved on his design and sold their machine, which squeezed out
1800 – Illustrations
for books were printed from engravings made on steel plates, and printed on
different sheets of paper than the text. New technology made color printing
possible, so that color didn’t have to be added by hand.
1810 – Moveable books
first began to appear. Pop-up books and books with pictures that move and
change, using strings to hold the moving parts together, became very popular.
1820 – Books on wheels
began to appear, making it possible for working people to get books from a
horse-drawn wagon even if they lived far from town.
In Turkey, the library was
sometimes carried on a donkey! Of course, today, we have mobile libraries in
large buses, such as the Gates Foundation Techmobile, which even has internet
and other technology on board! See a poster about books on wheels at
1850-1870 – Straw,
sugar cane waste and tree bark were all tried as an alternative to using cloth
rags to make paper. Friedrich Gottlob Keller, a German, invented a machine that
turned wood into pulp, but made only a poor quality paper. Englishman Hugh
Burgess improved the process by adding a chemical solution to “digest” the wood
pulp, and an English chemist found a better solution that incuded sulfate.
1862 – Lewis Carroll, a
young Oxford University professor, told the story of Alice’s Adventures in
Wonderland to some children on a river trip. Later, he wrote it out neatly
as a present for one of them, a girl named Alice Liddell. Although his drawings
were very good, he asked cartoonist John Tenniel to illustrate the book that was
published in 1865. Today, the story has been translated into almost every
language, even Esperanto! In the Swahili version in Africa, Alice is called
1873 – The first
commercially produced typewriter was sold by the Remington Company. The
typewriter became the choice of many authors of books, since it was quicker and
easier than handwriting a book.
1870-1880 – American
paper mills in New York and New England used native Spruce trees with sulfate to
make a good quality paper.
1900’s - The first
free public libraries opened in most countries, replacing the European libraries
that people had to pay to use. In some Medieval libraries, the books were even
chained to a rod along the bookcase. In the United States, many libraries are
known as the Carnegie Library, after the wealthy man who donated the money to
build libraries in many towns and cities.
1889-1900 – Newspapers
and magazines took advantage of plentiful mass-produced and low cost paper in
the United States. Paper even replaced slates in the school room. Paper
production also expanded to the upper Midwest, using spruce and balsam wood, and
to the West Coast, where hemlock, fir and pin were used. In the South, pine was
1900 – 2000 – Recycled
paper began to be used, and by 2000, 45% of the paper in the United States was
recovered and reused. Huge grindstones added a mechanical process to the
chemical breakdown of wood pulp into paper.
2003 – The percentage
of recycled paper rose to 50% and more, and modern technology resulted in
brighter paper that is lighter in weight. Alternative fibers, new products and
the use of sustainable resources combined with new technology to work towards
the goal of recovering 55% of paper products by 2012.
Materials found in Baloo's Bugle may be used by Scouters for Scouting activities provided that Baloo's Bugle and the original contributors are cited as the source of the material.