One of the great things about
being a Webelos Leader is the opportunity to learn many things along with the
boys. Unless you are an engineer, there may be some knowledge to pick up with
this activity badge to pass on to your
boys. Recruit the help of a
father who is an engineer.
One of the purposes of Cub
Scouting is "fostering a sense of personal achievement by developing new
interests and skills" in boys. This activity badge probably does this more
than any of the other badges. Engineering is one of the most exacting of the
professions and the badge includes projects that will give a boy an insight
into some types of engineering.
boys to visit an engineer or surveyor in a municipal county office. Plan for
the boys to look through the surveyor's manual and read a rod.
construction site and see the plans which are being followed.
We visited the new
Ranger’s House while it was under construction out at our Scout Camp.
Everyone was very eager to show it off to us. Make sure you get permission
before visiting any construction site. CD
County water works, TV or radio station.
someone explain how to read topographic maps.
builder or carpenter show and explain a floor plan of a house.
block and tackle. Be sure to explain its purpose.
catapults and demonstrate them at pack meeting, shooting candies or
marshmallows into the audience for distance.
property lines. Have a surveyor show how property lines are determined and
different types of engineers. If one can visit your den, let him describe
briefly what his duties are.
collect pictures of bridges and note the differences in construction.
field trip to an operating draw bridge (ex. St Croix River), ship loading
operation or other large industrial operation involving large cranes or other
Fields Of Engineering
Aeronautical Engineering: Deals with the whole field of design,
manufacture, maintenance, testing, and the use of aircraft both for civilian
and military purposes.
Astronautical Engineering: Closely related to aeronautics, but is
concerned with the flight of vehicles in space, beyond the earth's atmosphere,
and includes the study and development of rocket engines, artificial
satellites, and spacecraft for the exploration of outer space.
Engineering: Concerned with the design, construction, and management of
factories in which the essential processes consist of chemical reactions.
Engineering: Perhaps the broadest of the engineering fields; deals with
the creation, improvement, and protection of the communal environment;
providing facilities for living, industry, and transportation, including large
buildings, roads, bridges, canals, railroad lines, airports, harbors, and
Electrical Engineering/Computer Science: Divided broadly into the
engineering of electrical power distribution systems, electrical machinery,
and communication, information, and control systems.
Geological & Mining Engineering: Includes activities related to the
discovery and exploration of mineral deposits and the financing, construction,
development, operation, recovery, processing, purification, and marketing of
crude minerals and mineral products.
Industrial or Management Engineering: Pertains to the efficient use of
machinery, labor, and raw materials in industrial production.
Mechanical Engineering: Broadly speaking, covers the design and operation
of all types of machinery and small structures.
Engineering: Concerned with the prevention of accidents.
Engineering: A branch of civil engineering that has acquired the
importance of a specialized field due to its great importance for a healthy
environment, especially in dense urban population areas.
Research: A search for new scientific knowledge, with the objective of
applying it to solving problems.
Development: Applied research which results in working model.
Conversion of developed ideas into economical, reliable, and producible plans
of manufacture, use or construction.
Maintenance: Plan and direct the methods of making the design and
transforming it into a useful product.
Define and explain the application of the product and the sale of it.
Management: Administrate any or all of the engineers which perform the
functions listed above and any other personnel required to perform the
Adapted from Heart of America
Visit (with permission)
a housing project or a commercial building
construction site, possibly in conjunction with a visit by an engineer as a
guest speaker at your meeting.
There are many big engineering structures
around our country – dams, bridges, towers, sewerage plants, buildings,
stadiums, power plants … Many times you can get an inside tour of these
structures that would fascinate your Webelos. However, I am not sure how many
have stopped (Like the Delaware Memorial Bridge near me) after September 11.
Many times there are even visitor centers near the structures explaining how
they were built. I never tire of seeing Hoover Dam constructed in 22 minutes
on the screen in the museum in town. The Corps of Engineers office at Clinton
Lake, west of Lawrence, Kansas, has a display on the building of the dam at
the lake and how a dam works. Maybe you could combine some of these trips with
a fishing trip or nature hike at the lake made by the dam or a nearby state
Heart of America Council had a route
for seeing various types of bridges in their area. I am sure with a little
work and a few phone calls you could come up with an itinerary for a bridge
tour in and around your town. CD
For an idea the HOAC Route was -
From the Heart of America bridge (Locust
going north over the Missouri River), to the east you can see a classical
suspension bridge carrying I-35. Also known as the Paseo bridge.
West from the Heart of America bridge you
can see two truss bridges of different design and then the Broadway bridge
which is a suspension bridge suspended from arched girders.
Further west, an arch bridge goes over 7th
Street just north of I-35.
The 12th Street bridge over the Kaw River
is especially interesting. The first span as you proceed north is a plank
bridge, the next three spans are classical cantilever, and the last is truss.
Any number of pier type bridges can be
seen in the area. The majority of the bridges used in the Interstate systems
are of this type. Be sure to notice that while the bridges are pier type, the
piers themselves are sometimes cantilevered from side to side across the
In my area we have
Classical suspension – Delaware Memorial,
Walt Whitman, Ben Franklin, George Washington
The very first modern suspension bridge in
the US is the Wiliamsburg Bridge in New York city. It was 100 years old on
December 19, 2003!! CD
Cantilever – Delaware Route 1 over the C&D
Canal, Commodore Barry Brige
Arch – I-95 over the Brandywine River
Steel Arch – Bayonne Bridge
In a 5 mile section of Delaware
SR 1 between Smyrna and Dover in Kent County, Delaware, there are seven
bridges. Two bridges are dual, single-span steel beam bridges. Three bridges
are two-span, steel girder bridges. The remaining two bridges are dual,
multi-span, pre-stressed concrete girder bridges.
I am sure, the more you look at the
bridges around your area, the more you'll realize that there are few pure
one-type bridges. Most are bridges that incorporate several design types in
one. For instance, many pier type bridges over the railroad tracks are arched
to provide strength while conserving materials.
Be sure to check the web
site list for bridge websites! I have listed several cities that have web
pages dedicated to showing off their bridges. CD
Show How Electricity Comes to Our House
Circle Ten Council
Make a small scale electrical system
6 Volt Battery
Insulated wire 2 -
Small Light fixture
Circle Ten Council
spools loosely to board, sip string over 1,2,3 and 4. Wind string several
times around 2. Wind second string over 5 and 6 and attach weight for balance.
Turn handle on 2 to move car up and down.