National Capital Area Council
Resources: Boy Scout
Handbook, Local Emergency Medical Technicians, Nurses, or Doctors Local or
State Police, Safe Swim Defense Information Leaflet (BSA #LC7369)
Invite a local E.M.T., nurse or doctor to a den
meeting. They can cover requirements #1
through #5 in this badge. In
coordination with the Aquanaut Activity Badge, study the safe Swim
Defense. Be sure Webelos can explain it
and its importance.
Make a Buddy Board and have Scout make their own tags. Invite a police officer to a den
meeting. Ask him to speak on bike
and/or car safety. See Traveler
activity badge for car safety rules.
Visit a fire station.
Have a fireman talk to the Webelos about the need for a fire escape
plan. Have Webelos draw up a home fire
Discuss home safety hazards. This coordinates with the Family Member activity badge
Take the Webelos to observe the district or council first
aid meet. Attend your district
roundtable for information.
Practice Hurry Cases--3 B's and a P is one way to remember
Join a local troop meeting when a first aid demonstration is
being given. Call Scoutmaster--they're
going to do it sometime during the year.
Give a talk to younger Cub Scouts (Wolves, Bears) on 6 rules
of safety to remember while riding in a car.
Put together a first aid kit for your Pack to take on
Stage a mock disaster involving injuries and have the boys
treat the injuries. This could be done
in conjunction with a patrol from a nearby Troop. With the Scouts demonstrating more complicated skills and acting
the part of the injured.
Speakers: Fireman, policeman, EMT, Red Cross volunteer
Visit a fire station with an E.M.S. Unit.
Visit a hospital E.R. or and Emergency Clinic.
Practice For Emergency Situations
You awaken in the middle of the night. Your bedroom door is closed and you smell
smoke. Mother and father are out of
town and your grandmother is sleeping in their bedroom. What should you do?
You are returning home from a baseball game and see a grass
fire in a vacant lot near your home.
What should you do?
You see smoke coming out of a window in an apartment
building across the street. What should
A stranger in a blue Volkswagen stops you on your way home
from school and offers you a ride. What
should you do?
You find your 18-month-old baby brother playing with a
bottle of aspirin that has been opened.
What should you do?
A kindergarten child is bitten by a dog on the way home from
school and you are a witness to the Incident.
What should you do?
A first grade boy falls off a swing and lands on his
back. You are the first person to
arrive at the accident scene. What
should you do?
You are a witness to an auto accident in which a car strikes
a girl on a bicycle and leaves her lying in the street. What should you do?
You awaken in the middle of the night and hear the baby
crying. The baby-sitter is asleep in
front of the TV set. What should you
A group of kids in your neighborhood are playing by locking
one another in an old refrigerator they found in the alley behind a neighbor's
garage. What should you do?
A gang of boys have been teasing a neighborhood dog. The dog is a family pet, but he is growling
and shows signs of anger. What should
The fire bell rings at school and two of the girls decide
they'll play a trick on the teacher and hide under the library table while the
class goes out for a fire drill. What
should you do?
A first grade boy steps on a rusty nail in the sandbox. It goes through the sole of his tennis shoe
and makes a slight scratch on his foot.
He doesn't want to go to the school nurse. What should you do?
Pressure Pad Relay
Equipment - Each boy
using his own neckerchief
One boy has about 30 feet in front of the team with arterial
"bleeding' of the left wrist.
There is one judge for each victim.
On signal, the first boy from each team runs up and applies a pressure
pad over the simulated would. When
correct, the judge yells "off", the boy removes the pad and runs back
to the team, tags off the next boy who repeats the operation.
One member of a den is the patient; the rest are
first-aiders. On "Go" Number
1 runs to the patient and ties a head bandage and runs back; Number 2 ties
cross chest; Number 3, thigh; Number 4, ankle bandage; Number 5, sling for arm;
then Numbers 6 and 7 go up and be chair carry transport for the patient back to
the starting point. No time
element. (Note: In case of a small den, one or more boys may go up twice, until
the project is completed). Base
scoring on excellence.
Two staves, one blanket, and one inflated balloon for each team. Teams line up in relay formation with two
victims from each team lying from 30-70 feet in front of the team. On signal, two members of the team run up to
the first victim with the blanket and staves, make a stretcher, and put the
victim on it. When carriers are ready
to lift the stretcher, a judge places the inflated balloon on the victim. The victim is carried to the starting line
without the balloon falling off (to ensure care in handling the victim). If the balloon falls off, the judge counts
off 20 seconds, places the balloon back on the victim's chest, and the team
continues on its way. When they reach
the starting line, the second team from the group dismantles the stretcher and
runs forward to bring in the second victim using the same procedure and rules
as the first team the first team to bring the second victim over the starting
line is the winner.
What's wrong with me?
-- Write down several different accidents or afflictions. (example: A broken
leg, A nose bleed, Choking, Shock, etc... ) Place these in a hat and have the
boys draw them out one at a time. The
boy that drew will have to act out that particular problem. The first boy to identify the problem must
show how to treat it, he now gets to pick and act out an accident.
Greater St. Louis
First Aid Skills Test
1. What is first aid?
2. All fire, rescue, doctor, police and poison control
telephone numbers should be kept by the telephone. But no matter who you call,
you must be ready to tell them: What?
3. Should you rnove anyone who may have broken bones?
4. Are there any exceptions to question #3?
5. How should you act in case of accident?
a. Scream for help.
b. If you can, send someone else for help so you can start
c. Go home and hope the victim will be all right.
d. Stay calm and cool
6. T'here are four kinds of cases where fast action spells
the difference between life and death- what are these four "hurry-up"
7. What is the first thing you should do for serious
8. After you have taken care of the bleeding and sent
someone for help, you should: what?
9. The following are
true or false for shock:
a. Shock can cause death.
b. Don't treat for shock until shock starts.
c. Cover victim if cool- shade if warm or hot.
d. Have person lie down for shock.
e. Raise his feet if he bas a head injury.
f. Give sips of water only if they are awake.
g. If unconscious, lie flat on back, raise feet.
10. What are the pressure points used for?.
11. What should you do for a person who has stopped
12. Blow your breath into a stopped breathing victim only every ___ seconds for an adult, and once every ___
seconds for a child?
13. What is the first thing you should do if a person has taken
14. Should you make a poison victim vomit if he has taken
too much medicine?
15. If you think a baby is eating old paint, the baby should
be tested for: What?
16. True or False - Cuts and Scratches
a. Let the cut bleed a little.
b. Don't worry about it, it is not serious.
c. Wash with soap and water, if you can.
17. If you think you have touched a poison ivy plant, wash with ____ and
___. If you get a rash, put on
18. True of
a. If hiking, take off your shoe.
b. Put heat on the ankle to help pain.
c. Tie ankle bandage around ankle and shoe.
19. Heart attack is the major cause of death in the United
States! What are the five most common
signs of heart attack?
20. What should you do for someone who has the signs of a heart attack?
paramedic visit and explain emergency care.
Take a first aid or CPR class, or have a Red Cross
instructor talk to the group.
Items for a First
Greater St. Louis Area Council
The contents of a home first aid kit should be clearly
marked, and individually wrapped to keep things sterile.
You don't need a lot of things in such a kit - just the
basic essentials to take care of immediate needs until you can receive
professional care. You should have:
1 package of assorted size sterile bandages
1 package of 8 to 12 two-inch sterile gauze pads.
1 package of 8 to 12 three-inch sterile gauze pads
1 roll of hypoallergenic adhesive tape
3 triangular bandages
3 rolls 2” sterile roller bandages
3 rolls 3" sterile roller bandages
1 pair of scissors
1 pair of tweezers
1 safety razor blade
1 bar of regular soap 0iquid soap will dry up)
8 to 10 moistened towelettes (come in individual packages)
1 can antiseptic spray
1 package of matches
All of these items should be packaged in a sturdy metal or
plastic container, preferably one that is water and airtight. You may find that making your home first aid
kit is less expensive in the long run than buying a prepackaged kit.
All of the recommended items for your first aid kit have a
very long shelf life, and remain useful over many years. Periodically, you should check the contents
of your first aid kit and replace any items that have been opened, are dirty,
the dates have expired or are missing.
Items for a Family
Greater St. Louis Council
It's a good idea to put together a family safety kit and
store it in a new plastic garbage can (that way it is portable and you can use
it later to store water). Some items to
put in your kit include the following:
Canned food like canned fish, meats, and poultry packed in
water, canned fruits and vegetables.
Non-electric can opener
First aid kit
Look and Remember
Greater St. Louis Area Council
Select items from a First Aid Kit bandages, tape, scissors,
tweezers, gauze, etc, and lay them out on a table and cover them with a towel.
Divide the den into two groups, have the first group come
over to the table with paper and pens.
Uncover the First Aid Kit and allow the first group to look at the kit
for about 30 seconds then cover the kit up again.
While the second group is looking at the kit, have the first
group write down as many items as they can remember.
After the second group has written down all the items they
can remember, then uncover the First Aid Kit. Hold up each item and have the boys identify the item and tell how
to use it and when to use it. The boys
check off each item that they wrote down on their list.
The group that remembered and identified the most items from
the First Aid Kit wins.
You can get posters,
videos and other fun things for free from FEMA. There are two ways to get FEMA publications. You can call, toll-free 1-800-480-2520 or
you can write to:
P.O. Box 2012
Jessup MD 20794-2012
You cannot send
E-mail requesting publications. FEMA cannot send material outside the U.S.
Here is a listing of
some of the things you can order.
Disaster Supply Kit
Disaster Preparedness - Ask for: 8-1123
Door Knob Hanger:
Fire Safety. Ask for 5-0200
Video: Prepare to
Survive! - Ask for 9-1074
Adventures of Julia and Robbie - Ask for FEMA 344
Story Book: Herman
PIC and the Hunt for a Disaster-Proof Shell
Wildfire-Are you Prepared? 5-228 L203
Safety Poster 2-04 Poster 006
: Nature's Most Violent Storms 8-1145
Tips for Hurricanes 0-17 L 105
The Great Waves of the West Coast 0-332 L194
You can also order a
Disaster Public Information Catalog to find all the materials that FEMA offers.
Materials found in Baloo's
Bugle may be used by Scouters for Scouting activities provided that
Baloo's Bugle and the original contributors are cited as the source of the
Materials found at the U. S. Scouting Service Project, Inc. Website
©1997-2002 may be reproduced and used locally by Scouting volunteers for
training purposes consistent with the programs of the Boy Scouts of America (BSA)
or other Scouting and Guiding Organizations. No material found here may be used
or reproduced for electronic redistribution or for commercial or other non-Scouting purposes without the express
permission of the U. S. Scouting Service Project, Inc. (USSSP) or other
copyright holders. USSSP is not affiliated with BSA and does not speak on behalf
of BSA. Opinions expressed on these web pages are those of the web authors.